How and by whom NYC buildings have been built has changed markedly since the original wigwams built of birch bark by the Lenni-Lenape. One of the city’s first architects could be considered Cryn Fredericks, the designer of The New Amsterdam Fort which was built on the tip of Manhattan out of hard-packed earth and rubble to protect Dutch interests from the English and the French. In the 400 years since, most of the architects of New York City’s structures have been men. The 2016 loss of one of architecture’s greats, Zaha Hadid, has brought to light the importance of the contributions made by women to our city’s beautiful skyline. From the tallest office tower in the United States to the tallest residential tower in the western hemisphere, the contributions of women cannot be overstated. Here we’ll take a look at some of the female forces changing our city’s skyline.